One of the ways of preventing students from being passive recipients of qualifies knowledge is by involving them in an active generation of knowledge through carrying out basic research (Amin, 2005). To see if students understand that education itself should be a source of problem solving for most societal problems a portion of the study periods (which is outside the course work) is marked out for research work by students. Problems are found everywhere in the world and most of these problems could be solved if they are properly investigated, solutions found guidelines for solving the problems stated, and recommendation made. One area of difficulty is problem formulation and stating the problem concisely and precisely in an understable way in the research
A researcher ought to have in mind
1. What do I want to study
2. Why is it worth studying
3. Does it contribute to new knowledge or help in understanding of previous knowledge In understanding research problem and its statement, let us examine the following issues
1. Sources of problem in education
2. Problem formulation and stating the problem precisely
3. Research designs and problem statement
4. Summarizing and conclusion
It is always observed that students want to find solutions in areas where problems do not really exist. It is possible to see a problem in areas where problem exist by imaginations and try to find solutions to such imaginary problems. This is because statistical data or information which the students need for carrying out analysis are not easily accessible either due to lack of stored data or the cost implication of obtaining such data, so students tend to find an easy way out by imagining problem.
SOURCES OF PROBLEM IN EDUCATION RESEARCH
According to Nkata ( 2003) in Amin (2005) sources for identifying research problems include direct experience theories and such problems should have theoretical conceptual and contextual justification. The world is filled with unanswered questions and unresolved problems. Everywhere you look you see things that cause you to wonder to speculate to ask questions ( Leedy & Ormord (2005) by asking questions we strike the first spark igniting a chain of reaction that leads to the research process. Research starts from inquisitive mind. Questions like; why is this situation like this? Why does such as such things occur? How can this kind of thing be prevented? What is the cause of such and such?
This is the beginning of research
The problem or question is the axis around which the whole research effort revolves. The statement of the problem must first be expressed with utmost precision. It should be divided into more manageable sub problems. Such an approach clarifies the goals and direction of the entire research effort (Leedy and Ormrod 2005). The heart of every research project is the problem. It is paramount to the success of the research effort. It is always important that the problem be seen with unwavering clarity while stating it makes it.